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Some curious facts about History of Malerkotla State at Mintage World

Malerkotla State was under the political control of the Jalandhar Commissioner Division Punjab during the British rule. The Malerkotla nawabs were of Afghan Descent. Know about Malerkotla history at Mintage World.Backlinks Image For Post

The princely state of Malerkotla or Maler Kotla was under the political control of the Jalandhar Commissioner Division Punjab during the British rule. It was bounded by the District of Ludhiana on the north and by Patiala territory elsewhere, except a few miles on the western border where it marched with some Nabha villages. The Nawabs of Maler Kotla were of Afghan descent and originally held portions of trust in the Sirhind province under the Mughal emperors. As the empire sank into decay during the 18th century, the local chiefs gradually became independent. The last ruler of Maler Kotla signed the accession to join the Indian Union on 20 August 1948. During the partition of India, The last Nawab Iftkhar Ali Khan remained in Maler Kotla and died in the year 1982. However a part of the ruling family of Malerkotla State migrated to Pakistan and their members are living mostly in Model Town, Lahore, as well as in Muzaffargarh and Khangarh. Presently Maler Kotla is a part of Indian State of Punjab.
In 1732 the chief of Maler Kotla, Jamal Khan joined the commander of the imperial troops stationed in the Jullundur Doab in an unsuccessful stack on Raja Ala Singh, the Sikh chief of Patiala. Again in 1761 Jamal Khan afforded valuable aid against his Sikh neighbor to the lietenent whom Ahmad Shah, the Durrani conqueror had left in charge of Sirhind. The consequence of this was a long-continued feud with the adjacent Sikh States especially with Patiala.
After the death of Jamal Khan, who was killed in a battle, dissensions ensued among his sons Bhikan Khan ultimately becoming Nawab. Soon after Ahmad Shah had left India for the last time, Raja Amar Singh of Patiala determined to take revenge on Bhikan Khan. He attacked him and seized some of his villages till at last the Maler Kotla chief found that he was unable to resist so powerful an enemy, and a treaty was negotiated which secured peace for many years between these neighboring states. During this peace the forces of Maler Kotla on several occasions assisted the Patiala Raja when in difficulties. In 1787 Raja Sahib Singh of Patiala returned these kindnesses by aiding Maler Kotla against the powerful chief of Bhagaur who had seized some of the Nawab’s villages.

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Some curious facts about History of Malerkotla State at Mintage World https://www.mintageworld.com/history/detail/322-Maler-Kotla/

Explore History of Jhalawar State with Mintage World

The Diwan of Kotah state, Jhala Zalim Singh founded the Jhalawar princely state. He belonged to the Jhalawar family who were also known as Jhala rajputs. During the British Era of Jhalawar state history, it was a part of the Kathiawar Agency, Bombay. Jhalawar State was surrounded by territories like Kotah, Rampura-Bhanpura of Indore and Agra, Sitamau, Jaora and Pirawa of Tonk, while Chambal and Kali Sindh were the main rivers in the state. Learn more interesting facts about the history of Jhalawar in detail at Mintage World.Backlinks Image For Post

Jhalawar Princely state was situated in Kathiawar Agency, Bombay. Its name originated from the Jhala Rajputs. It was covered across an area of around 3,978 square miles and its population in 1901 was 3, 05,138. The average density was 76 persons per square mile. It was bounded by kotah to the north and north-east side, Rampura-Bhanpura of Indore and Agra to the north-west and west side, Sitamau and Jaora to the south-west and Pirawa of Tonk and Rampura-Bhanpura of the east side. The main rivers of the state were Chambal and Kali Sindh.
It was once named as Brijnagar. It was founded by Rajput, Jhala Zalim Singh who was the Diwan of Kotah state. It was entitled to 15 gun salutes by the British authority. Its flag was rectangular in shape and pink in colour.
The Jhalawar family owes its origin to Zalim Singh who was a descendant of the Jhala rulers of Wadhwan, from Gujarat. His ancestor Bhavsinghji left his hometown to seek fame and fortune. His fourth son Madho Singh got enrolled in Kotah service and he gave his sister to the ruler of Kotah for matrimonial alliance and in return he received land grants. He died in 1758 and was succeeded by his grandson, Zalim Singh Jhala. He was appointed as Diwan at Kotah.
In 1764, his patron died and he was forced to flee to Mewar. After the death of his brother-in-law Maharaja Guman Singh of Kotah, he returned and became regent of his minor nephew. He died in 1824 and left behind a strong and prosperous state. He was succeeded by his son, Raj Rana Madho Singh as Diwan or virtual ruler. He served for a decade and then died in 1834. He passed on his land, title and office to his son, Raja Rana Madan Singh.

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Explore History of Jhalawar State with Mintage World https://www.mintageworld.com/history/detail/330-Jhalawar/

Interesting facts about Pratapgarh History at Mintage World

Pratapgarh State was one of the most powerful ones which received a 15 gun salute. The rulers of this state belonged to the Sisodia clans of Rajput. Know more unknown aspects about Pratapgarh history at Mintage World.Backlinks Image For Post

Partabgarh or Pratabgarh princely state was situated in the south of Rajputana with an area of 886 square miles. In 1425, the state was established as Kanthal state and later was renamed after its capital city Pratapgarh. Geographically, it was bounded on the north and the north-west by Udaipur, on the west and south-west by Banswara, on the south by Ratlam ; and on the east by Jaora, Sindhia’s districts of Mandasor and Nimach, and a portion of the Rampura-Bhanpura district of Indore.
The major portion of the state consisted of fine open land. But the north-west side was occupied with rocky and hilly ranges. Prartabgarh was entitled to 15 gun salutes by the British authority.
Earlier, this territory was called as Kanthal which meant boundary between Malwa and Gujarat. The northern portion was resided by Bhil and rest of the portion by various clans of Rajput. The founder of the State was one Bika, a descendant of Rana Mokal of Mewar who
left his estates of Sadri and Dariawad in 1553 and proceeded to the south where he suppressed the aboriginal tribes. In 1561, he founded the Deogarh town and named it after a female chieftain Mini Devi. Jaswant Singh was murdered by his eldest son at the Champa Bagh, meanwhile Kanthal was occupied by Mewar troops. Jaswant Singh’s second son, Hari Singh, proceeded to Delhi and recognized himself as an independent chief by Emperor Shah Jahan on payment of a tribute of Rs. I5, 000 a year. He received titles such as the rank of Haft hazari, or `Commander of 7, 000,’ the title of Rawat and Maharawat title. He was succeeded by his son Pratap Singh in 1674.
The next successor was Sawant Singh. During his reign, the state was captured by the Marathas, and it was saved only when they agreed to pay a tribute of 72,720 Salim Shahi to Holkar. The tribute to Holkar was paid through the British Government, and from 1904 was converted to Rs. 36,360 British currency. The next successors of the state were Dalpat Singh (1844 – 1864) Udai Singh (1864 – 1890) Raghunath Singh (1890 – 18 Jan 1929) and Ram Singh (1929 – 15 Aug 1947). Ram Singh signed the accession to the Indian Union on 7 April 1949.

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Interesting facts about Pratapgarh History at Mintage World https://www.mintageworld.com/history/detail/326-Partabgarh/

Complete History of Ladakh or the Land of High Passes at Mintage World

History of Ladakh dates back to the 1st Century AD when the area was ruled by the Kushans. Ladakh state was greatly influenced by Buddhism & Bon religions in this period. Get detailed information on Ladakh History at Mintage world.Backlinks Image For Post

The Persian term ‘Ladakh’ is transliterated from Tibetan word ‘La-dvags’ which means Land of high
passes. It has been called by different names indifferent periods for its beautiful landscape andexquisite culture such as ‘The Mysterious Land of the Mystic Lamas’, ‘The Broken Moonland’ or ‘The Last Shangri-La’. It is stretched from the Kunlun mountain range to the Himalayas in the south. Ladakh is comprised of Baltistan valley, upper Indus valley, Zanskar, Lahaul, Spiti, Ngari, Rudok, Guge, Aksai Chin and Nubra Valley. A Neolithic rock carving depicted that Ladakh has been inhabited from ancient times. According to Herodotus, Nearchus, Megasthenes, Pliny, Ptolemy and Puranas, Ladakh was inhabited by Indo-Aryans of Mons and Dards. During the 1st century AD, Ladakh was under Kushan rule. In the 2nd century, Buddhism was widespread in the eastern part of Ladakh while the western part was dominated by Bon religion.
Due to its topographical extent, it came under the
influence of Tibet from the east and the Chinese
from Central Asia in the 8th century. Control over
Ladakh changed regularly from China to Tibet and
vice versa. King Nyima-Gon was feudatory of Tibetan empire who broke out from his original Tibet Empire
and established the kingdom at Ladakh. This led to
the migration of Tibetan population to Ladakh and
Buddhism philosophy flourished for the second time
from the north-west side. He established his
kingdom in the eastern side of present day Ladakh.
King Lde-dpal-hkhor-btsan wanted to spread Bon
religion in Ladakh and so he promoted Bon by
constructing eight monasteries. Upper Manahris
monastery was one such example of Bon religion. In
order to propagate religion, he encouraged mass
production of Hbum scriptures. Another important
king, Lhachen Utpala captured Kulu, Mustang and
some parts of Baltistan.

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Complete History of Ladakh or the Land of High Passes at Mintage World https://www.mintageworld.com/history/detail/319-Ladakh/

History of Datia State – From Establishment to Indian Accession

Rulers of Datia State belonged to the Bundela Rajput clan of Orchha house. History of Datia state began when Bir Singh Deo of Orchha offered Datia as a gift to his son, Bhagwan Rao in 1626. During British Raj, Datia princely state belonged to the Bundelkhand Agency of Central India. Learn more fascinating aspects about Datia history in detail at Mintage World.Backlinks Image For Post

Datia princely state was a part of Bundelkhand Agency of Central India during the British rule. In 1947, Datia acceded into the dominion of India and later merged with Union of India. It became a part of new state of Vindhya Pradesh in 1950. In 1956 this state was amalgamated with certain other areas to form the state of Madhya Pradesh within the Union of India. The Datia chiefs were the Bundela Rajouts of the Orchha house. In 1626 Bir Singh Deo of Orchha granted Datia to his son Bhagwan Rao. The original territory was considerably exceeded both by force of arms and grants from the Delhi emperor, till the state embraced most of the country between Chambal on the north and the Betwa and Sind in the east and west. Bhagwan Rao died in 1656 and was succeeded by his son Subha Karan who had served with distinction under the Mughal Emperor in Balkh and Badakshan during the expedition of 1646-53.
In the struggle between Aurangzeb and his brothers, he joined the future emperor and died in 1683. On the death of Ram Chandra, the fourth Raja (1706-33), a dispute about the succession was referred to Raja Udot Singh of Orchha. He decided in the favor of Indrajit, a great-grandson of Ram Chandra, and assisted him by arms to secure chiefship. Among others who had given support was Naune Sah Gujar whose son Madan Singh received as a reward the governorship of the fort of Samthar and the title of Rajdhar. A grant of five villages was made later to his son Devi Singh. The Marathas began to invade Bundelkhand during this period. The seventh Raja, Parichhat concluded a treaty with the British in 1804.

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History of Datia State – From Establishment to Indian Accession https://www.mintageworld.com/history/detail/302-Datia/

History of Danish Empire Explained in Detail at Mintage World

Explore the depths of Danish Empire history along with other important aspects about Danish East India Company at Mintage World. If you are looking for information about Danish India then Mintage World will offer comprehensive data related to history, culture, major events and more.Backlinks Image For Post

The British, French, Dutch and the Portuguese had huge impact on India, not only for a trade point of view but also through military expeditions and conquest. In comparison, The Danish in India did not have the same effect or influence as its European counterparts though the Danish did rule certain parts for over 225 years. Their main centres were in Tranquebar in present day Tamil Nadu, Serampore in West Bengal and the Nicobar Islands which is now a part of India’s union territories. Due to the growing influence of the East India Company and The VOC of its trade with the east and specially with India, the Danish Monarch King Christian IV showed interest in having trade relations with the East.
In 1615, two Dutch merchants, Jan de Willem of Amsterdam and Herman Rosenkrantz of Rotterdam, brought before King Christian IV a proposal for the foundation of a Danish trading company that might compete with the EIC and VOC, and in the process enrich both king and shareholders. The king was very receptive to the proposal to mark the role of Denmark-Norway as a major player in contemporary European trade and politics.
On March 17. 1616 King Christian IV issued a charter giving monopoly right to the Danish East India company to carry out trade in the east for a period of 12 years. The Danish East India Company is also director, Robert Crappe had already left in a scouting
vessel named Oresund where he encountered the Portuguese off the Karaikkal coast where the Portuguese sunk the ship and most of the crew were taken prisoners. But Crappe and 13 of his crew members escaped and when they came ashore were captured by Indians. They were taken to the Nayaks of Tanjore who became interested in the trade propositions laid down by Crappe . Crappe negotiated with the Nayaks of Tanjore and the resulting treaty ensured them the village of Tranquebar and the right to construct the future fort of Dansborg.

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History of Danish Empire Explained in Detail at Mintage World https://www.mintageworld.com/history/detail/233-Danish-East-India-Company-/

Interesting Aspects of Gwalior History Explained in detail at Mintage World

Uncover fascinating aspects about Gwalior history and the prince of Gwalior by downloading the complete PDF only at Mintage World. Hit the download button to understand Gwalior history like never before!Backlinks Image For Post

The Princely state of Gwalior existed in the mid 18th century as a part of the Maratha confederacy. It was founded in 1761 by Ranoji Shinde who was an accomplished soldier, local Chieftain and Governor. He served under Peshwa Baji Rao as one of the top three senior commanders. Ranoji is known as the founder of the Scindia dynasty. He first set his headquarters in the ancient city of Ujjain; a city that remained the capital for the Scindias until 1810.
The Gwalior state received a 21 gun salute and held a pivotal position for its strategic location and fort strength. It became a part of the British suzerainty after the Anglo-Maratha wars. It was the largest state of the Central India Agency which was a political office of British India. The Maratha Kingdom of Gwalior had a flag in a saffron tone with a swallow tail. Its coat of arms featured two cobras and the blazing sun at the centre.

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Interesting Aspects of Gwalior History Explained in detail at Mintage World https://www.mintageworld.com/history/detail/184-Gwalior/

Detailed Analysis on History of Dutch East India Company at Mintage World

The Dutch East India Company was founded in 1602 by merging many Dutch trading companies. The Dutch trading company was established to trade with India and Southeast Asian countries. It is considered to be the first multinational corporation of the world which resulted in the formation of Dutch colonies in India. Learn in detail about the history of Dutch East India Company at Mintage World. Backlinks Image For Post

The Dutch East India Company is considered as the first multinational company of the world to issue stocks and possess quasi-government powers. It was privileged with the responsibilities of waging wars, imprisoning and executing convicts, negotiating treaties, striking its own coins and forming colonies. It held its position as an important trading company for 200 years and made a powerful impact in Indian history. There was a constant pressure on the United Provinces of Netherlands to expand overseas. In the late sixteen century, Dutch merchants accumulated a large amount of capital and were looking for further investments. Portuguese merchants were pioneers in discovering trade routes between Europe and Asia.
The first expedition, led by Cornelius Houtman, to reach East Indies in 1596 was successful. He concluded a treaty with the ruler of Bantam in Java and opened up the spice Archipelago to Netherland. Huyghen van Linschoten from Netherland wrote in his travelogue about his voyages and sea routes from East Asia to Holland. His book was translated into many languages and inspired traders to find new sea routes. From 1595 to 1601, fifteen voyages were
undertaken by the Dutch to the East. In 1602, different individual traders came together to form an association named the Dutch United East India Company.

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Detailed Analysis on History of Dutch East India Company at Mintage World https://www.mintageworld.com/history/detail/229-Dutch-East-India-Company/